體育館 by bcmf, 現代風 | homify
 體育館 by BCMF, 現代風
 體育館 by BCMF, 現代風
 體育館 by BCMF, 現代風
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Inaugurated in   1965   (original   design   by   Eduardo   Mendes   Guimarães   Júnior   and   Gaspar   Garreto)   as   the   second    largest   stadium   in   the   world,   the   Mineirão   Stadium   is   located   in   the   surroundings   of   the   Pampulha   Lagoon,    close   to   Oscar   Niemeyer’s   and   Burle   Marx   seminal   work,   being   part   of   Belo   Horizonte’s   main   postcard.   As   Brazil    was   chosen   to   host   the   World   Cup   2014,   opportunity   came   about   to   transform   the   traditional   stadium,   which    façade   is   heritage   listed,   into   a   contemporary   multifunctional   sports   facility.      The   New   Mineirão   aims   to   go   beyond   its   primary   role   as   a   world-­‐class   sports   arena,   also   offering   a   range   of    services,   commerce,   culture   and   entertainment   for   the   city,   becoming   a   new   hub   of   activities   integrated   to   the    modernist   landscape   of   the   leisure   and   touristic   Pampulha   complex.      The   instrument   chosen   to   make   this   operation   possible   was   a   public-­‐private   partnership   (PPP),   determining    that   the   redevelopment   of   the   stadium   would   be   undertaken   by   a   company   which,   in   return,   would   be   granted    its   use   for   the   next   25   years.   The   winner   of   the   bid   was   Minas   Arena   Consortium,   that   invited   BCMF   Architects,    renowned   for   their   expertise   in   sports   architecture,   to   be   responsible   for   the   renovation   of   the   New   Mineirão.      In   this   context,   to   transform   the   “Pampulha   Giant”   into   a   modern   multifunctional   facility,   the   interventions    proposed   are   both   radical   and   respectful,   reinforcing   the   monumental   original   structure   within   the   iconic    modernist   landscape.      As   for   the   original   architecture   of   the   Stadium,   basically   only   the   outer   “shell”   remained:   the   88   structural   semi-­‐ porticos,   the   concrete   roof   and   the   upper   tiers.   The   rest   of   the   “core”   was   completely   rebuilt   to   guarantee   the    total   overhaul   inside   the   arena,   including   the   new   extension   of   the   roof,   all   the   new   program   and   infra-­‐ structure,   besides   the   lowering   of   the   pitch   and   the   lower   tiers   redesign,   improving   the   sight-­‐lines   for   the   new    capacity   of   62.160   seats.      The   renovation   on   the   outside   is   total,   with   a   new   200.000   m²   operational   platform   separating   the   spectators´    from   the   accredited   flow.   The   “Esplanade”   includes   various   facilities   around   the   stadium,   opened   to   the   public    as   an   immense   landscaped   plaza,   visually   linked   to   the   Pampulha   Lagoon.   This   platform   is   sculpted   and   molded    to   the   site   as   an   artificial   topography,   integrated   with   the   immediate   surroundings,   being   perceived   as   a    continuation   of   the   street   domain.   Thus,   the   public   is   attracted   by   programs   strategically   distributed    throughout   the   esplanade,   creating   areas   with   potential   to   generate   activities   and   movement   during   all   day,    seven   days   a   week.         2  The   project   has   also   sustainable   features,   using   solar   energy,   reusing   rainwater,   as   well   as   efficient   lighting    systems,   intelligent   control   of   energy   and   so   on   (LEED   Certification).   After   the   event,   many   operational   areas    which   are   specific   for   the   2014   World    Cup   will   have   other   uses   (institutional,   commercial   and   leisure   programs),    contributing   for   the   economic   sustainability   of   the   complex.      The   New   Mineirão   points   out   ways   in   which   sports   mega   events   can   leave   a   lasting   legacy   to   the   host-­‐cities.    Here,   even   though   interventions   are   made   on   a   stadium   scale,   they   respond   to   the   demands   of   larger   scales,    such   as   the   neighborhood,   the   landscape   and   the   city   itself.   Thus,   the   ambition   is   that   the   urban   domain   should    be   invited   into   the   realm   and   scope   of   the   architecture. 

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